Safe and secure management of ammunition through the UN SaferGuard Programme
In more than 100 countries, over the past five decades, poorly-managed ammunition stockpiles have resulted in explosions, often bringing about humanitarian disasters. Thousands of people have been killed, injured and displaced, and the livelihoods of entire communities have been disrupted.
In addition to the humanitarian and socio-economic consequences, unsecured or poorly managed ammunition stockpiles fuel insecurity. Massive diversion of ammunition to illicit markets has been a catalyst for armed conflict, organized crime and terrorism. Moreover, diverted ammunition is increasingly used to assemble improvised explosive devices.
Taken together, these consequences demonstrate the very serious safety and security challenges posed by inadequately-managed stockpiles.
In response to these concerns, the General Assembly requested the United Nations to develop guidelines for adequate ammunition management to ensure that the United Nations consistently delivers high-quality advice and support (A/RES/63/61).
As a result, the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG) were developed in 2011 and the UN SaferGuard Programme was established as the corresponding knowledge management platform.
The UN SaferGuard Programme, managed by the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs oversees the maintenance, updating and dissemination of the IATG.
Casualties of unplanned explosions at munitions sites (UEMS) 1979-2021
IATG Implementation Support Toolkit
The web-based applications in this toolkit support the implementation of the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG). The scientific background of the underlying formulae is summarized and referenced in IATG 1.80.
Ammunition experts are invited to use the resources on this website to implement best-practices that will improve the safety, security and efficiency in conventional ammunition stockpile management. These tools may also be used to communicate safety and security requirements to policy-makers and other stakeholders.
Calculators for Demolition
International Ammunition Technical Guidelines
IATG Version 3 is currently available in Arabic, French and English. The Office for Disarmament Affairs will continue to strive to make the IATG available in additional languages.
Please consult the AMAT Insights for a practical and detailed overview of the amendments made in IATG Version 3, the rationale behind them, and their expected impact.
- 01 - Introduction and Principles of Ammunition Management
01.20 - Index of risk reduction process levels (RRPL) within IATG
01.30 - Policy development and advice
01.35 - Organisational Capabilities
01.40 - Glossary of terms, definitions and abbreviations
01.50 - UN explosive hazard classification system and codes
01.60 - Ammunition faults and performance failures
01.70 - Bans and constraints
01.80 - Formulae for ammunition management
01.90 - Ammunition management personnel competences (new module)
- 02 - Risk Management
02.20 - Quantity and separation distances
02.30 - Licensing of explosive facilities
02.40 - Safeguarding of explosive facilities
02.50 - Fire safety
- 03 - Ammunition Accounting
03.10 - Inventory management
03.20 - Lotting and batching
- 04 - Explosive Facilities (Storage) (Field and Temporary Conditions)
04.10 - Temporary storage
- 05 - Explosives Facilities (Storage) (Infrastructure and Equipment)
05.10 - Planning and siting of explosives facilities
05.20 - Types of buildings for explosives facilities
05.30 - Traverses and barricades
05.40 - Safety standards for electrical installations
05.50 - Vehicles and mechanical handling equipment (MHE) in explosives facilities
05.60 - Radio frequency hazards
- 06 - Explosive Facilities (Storage) (Operations)
06.20 - Storage space requirements
06.30 - Storage and handling
06.40 - Ammunition packaging and marking
06.50 - Specific safety precautions (storage and operations)
06.60 - Works services (construction and repair)
06.70 - Inspection of explosives facilities
- 07 - Ammunition Processing
07.10 - Safety and risk reduction (ammunition processing operations)
07.20 - Inspection of ammunition
07.30 - Ammunition processing operations - Safety, risk reduction and mitigation
- 08 - Transport of Ammunition
08.10 - Transport of ammunition
08.20 - Storage and handling of ammunition and explosives at airfields
- 09 - Security of Ammunition
09.10 - Security principles and systems
- 10 - Ammunition Demilitarization and Destruction
10.10 - Demilitarization and destruction and logistic disposal of conventional ammunition
- 11 - Ammunition Accidents, Reporting and Investigation
11.10 - Ammunition accidents: reporting and investigation
11.20 - Clearance storage area explosions – EOD clearance
- 12 - Ammunition Operational Support
12.10 - Ammunition on multi-national operations
12.20 - Small unit ammunition storage